New Money, New Shirt
With industrialization creating vast amounts of new wealth in Europe and instigating the “Gilded Age” in America, fancy-dinner looks abound. Tycoons don shirts with turned-over “wing” collars, lined with decorative studs in the front and buttons in the back. During the late 19th century, the button-down collar does not exist yet; it is instead called a “polo shirt,” and is worn by players of the elite sport. By securing their collar points to their shirts, the players are able to keep them from flying up into their faces.